Thrombectomy in Stroke

The most effective way to save ischemic brain tissue that isn’t already infarcted is to restore cerebral blood flow as soon as possible with reperfusion therapy. Because the benefit of reperfusion diminishes over time, there is only a little window during which this can be done. If it is done as soon as possible within the Thrombectomy Stroke Time window period, it can help minimize the post-stroke effects.

In the initial few hours following a stroke, there are three major treatment goals:

To keep you stable, your breathing, heart function, blood pressure, bleeding, swallowing, and other symptoms will be managed.

To make a diagnosis, a brain scan is performed as soon as possible after arriving at the hospital. A CT (computed tomography) scan is generally used for this. The type of stroke may be revealed by the scan (a clot or a broken artery). The location of the stroke is also discovered via a CT scan. The results of your scan assist your healthcare team in determining the best treatment options. Blood tests may be required as part of your evaluation.

To start treatment right away: The type of stroke determines the type of treatment.

What is Thrombectomy and How is it used to treat Stroke?

Thrombectomy is a sort of minimally invasive surgery that removes a blood clot from an artery in simple terms. A cerebral thrombectomy removes a clot from a brain artery in the event of a stroke. A catheter (a flexible tube) is passed via an artery in the groin or arm and into the blocked artery in the brain to remove the clot. Stentrievers (a device that resembles a little wire-mesh tube) is used to open and trap the blood clot, allowing your doctor to remove it. Over the last two decades, the thrombectomy stroke procedure has been developed and refined, and it is now available with ABC at the most affordable rates in India.

Endovascular Thrombectomy EVT is the gold standard for treating individuals with large ischemic strokes because it saves lives and lowers disability. EVT operations are indicated for suitable patients within six hours of the onset of a stroke, and in some cases, up to 24 hours. The faster it can be started, the better it is.

Thrombectomy Procedure

Catheter-based Thrombectomy- The surgeon will make an incision in the groin and introduce a catheter through an artery to the clot during a catheter-based thrombectomy procedure. The surgeon will use an X-ray to monitor catheter placement to move the catheter to the exact position.
The surgeon then inserts a stent-retriever into the catheter, trapping and encasing the blood clot and allowing him to remove both the stent and the blockage from the blood vessel at the same time. The patient’s blood supply is restored once the catheter is removed, and the patient is monitored for improvement.

Mechanical equipment such as an inflating balloon or suction is used in other catheter-based thrombectomy treatments to remove the obstruction. A sort of open surgery thrombectomy can be done to remove a clot directly in specific emergency cases. Open surgery thrombectomies take longer to recuperate from than catheter-based procedures because they require a wider incision.

A thrombectomy is used to treat a variety of diseases.

Thrombectomies are commonly used to treat strokes caused by blood clots i.e., Ischemic Strokes. When blood thickens and clumps together to form a blockage in an artery, large blood clots can occur. Blood flow is reduced as a result, cutting off oxygen to the brain and causing harm to adjacent tissues.

Other blockages can be caused by plaque, which is made up of cholesterol and calcium and can form in various parts of the body. These occlusions can subsequently spread to smaller blood arteries, resulting in a stroke, heart attack, or other severe tissue damage.

What are the criteria for receiving thrombectomy stroke treatment?

Thrombectomy is the best treatment for people who have had a severe stroke and have a significant artery blockage (ischemic strokes). When given to patients before the brain area at risk is irrevocably damaged, the medication is both safe and effective. The diagnostic tests aid in the analysis of the brain and the decision-making process. In suitable patients, therapy can be given 6, 8, 24, or even more hours after symptom onset! But it is always beneficial to start the treatment in the Thrombectomy Stroke Window Period.

Conclusion

A thrombectomy will not prevent the formation of another blood clot, and recovery will vary greatly depending on individual health and conditions. To support long-term health benefits, talk to your doctor about any lifestyle modifications and medicines that may be suggested after a thrombectomy. You can contact us at your Customer Care Number for any queries and more information on the Thrombectomy Procedure.

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